Leather tannery built its own wastewater plant
Elmo Leather AB was founded in 1931 and is one of the world’s largest manufacturers of exclusive leather for the furniture and automotive industries. The parent company is in Svenljunga and there are two subsidiaries, one in the USA and one in Germany. The manufacturing side of the business is concentrated in Svenljunga, and this is where most of the 370 employees are based. The majority of the products are exported and sold all over the world.
A huge amount of chemicals are used in the tanning industry, which means there are strict requirements for the purification of the waste water. In the summer of 2005, when the municipal sewage treatment plant in Svenljunga was due to be renovated, the tannery’s expansion meant that the local plant would have struggled to cope with the extra load it faced. So Elmo Leather built its own treatment plant next to the local authority’s.
Photo: When Elmo Leather built its treatment plant, Emotron variable speed drives were chosen to control their blowers. The recommendation came from Svenljunga local authority, which uses Emotron products in the municipal treatment plant.
Biological process tested for first time
The new treatment plant uses a biological process called nitrification/denitrification which means that the pollutants are broken down using micro organisms.
The waste water is oxygenated to enable the micro organisms to grow and multiply. When the supply of oxygen is then stopped, the organisms are forced to feed on the nitrogen pollutants in order to survive. This biological technique is used in municipal sewage treatment plants, but has never been tried before in the tanning industry. It was not thought possible due to the vast amount of chemicals.
Nitrogen emissions reduced by 80 percent
The treatment plant was formally opened in June 2005. The EU’s environmental fund contributed almost SEK 9 million of the some SEK 50 million required to build it.
During the running-in period, the municipal plant was ready to take over if anything should go wrong, but everything went like clockwork.
Tests show that the goal has been achieved – the nitrogen emissions are being reduced by 80%, compared to 30% in the old plant.
“The authorities have very strict requirements for purification and we are meeting them,” says service engineer Jan-Allan Hasselqvist. “It’s the first time I’ve worked with this biological method, and it’s also the first time it’s been used in the tanning industry. It’s been an interesting process.”
Photo: The plant’s eleven Emotron FDU variable speed drives are installed in an electronics room. Having them all in one place facilitates control and monitoring, according to operating technician Oskar Österling.
Local authority recommended Emotron
Three people now work in the treatment plant which is dimensioned for the equivalent of 74,000 pe. Pe stands for population equivalent, which is the average emission of organic pollutants per person and day, i.e. how much oxygen is required to clean the water. As a comparison, it’s worth noting that following its renovation, Svenljunga’s municipal treatment plant is dimensioned for 3,000 pe.
Svenljunga El installed the control system. They chose Emotron as a supplier after the company was recommended by the local authority, which uses Emotron’s products in its plant. Now a total of eleven Emotron FDU variable speed drives control blowers and pumps. They are all installed in an electronics room, which facilitates control and monitoring.
Blowers oxygenate the waste water
The waste water is oxygenated during the cleaning process via air being blown in. Four blowers are used for this purpose and they are controlled by Emotron FDU variable speed drives.
Sensors measure the oxygen levels and send signals to the variable speed drives that ensure oxygen is added at the right time and that the oxygenation lasts for the required length of time. The bacteria that are to clean the water need a certain amount of time to grow and multiply. Oxygenation takes about 120 seconds for 5,000 m³ water.
During the waste water’s journey from the factory to the treatment plant, it passes through a number of settling tanks. The sludge that gets absorbed is centrifuged and used for soil improvement or is combusted. The slag that contains heavy metals goes to landfill sites, but the possibility of recycling chrome is currently being investigated.